Definition of Disability
The definition of ‘disability’ under the Equality Act 2010 is a person who:
i) has a physical or mental impairment;
ii) the impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to perform normal day-to-day activities.
For the purposes of the Act, these words have the following meanings:
i) [substantial] means more than minor or trivial;
ii) ‘long-term’ means that the effect of the impairment has lasted or is likely to last for at least twelve months (there are special rules covering recurring or fluctuating conditions);
iii) ‘normal day-to-day activities’ include everyday things like eating, washing, walking and going shopping.
A person who has had a disability in the past that meets this definition, is also protected by the Equality Act 2010.
List of Recognised Disabilities By Employment Tribunals
Agoraphobia: Mental Impairment
Arthritis: Physical Impairment
Asthma: Physical impairment
Autism or Autistic Spectrum Disorder: Mental impairment
Back Impairment: Physical Impairment
Cerebral Palsy: Physical Impairment
Depression: Mental Impairment
Diabetes: Physical Impairment
Dyslexia: Mental Impairment
Epilepsy: Physical Impairment
Hearing Impairment: Physical Impairment
Heart Impairment: Physical Impairment
Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Physical Impairment
Learning Disability/Difficulties: Mental Impairment
M.E or Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Both
Mental Health Issues / Mental Impairments: = Manic Depression, Bi-Polar Affective Disorder, Schizophrenia, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Paranoid Personality Disorder, Panic Attacks.
Migraine: Physical Impairment
Mobility Impairment: Physical Impairment
RSI: Physical Impairment
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) Both
Shoulder, Arm, Hand Impairment: Physical Impairment
Visual Impairment: Physical Impairment